Common Symptoms of Hormonal Disorders.
Hormones belong to the chemical messengers of the body. They travel through the bloodstream to the organs and regulate vital processes such as metabolism and reproduction.
Nutrition, stress, too much or too little exercise and various chemicals influence the hormonal balance. They can influence it positively or negatively. Especially the hormones estrogen, progesterone and testosterone (sex hormones), thyroid hormones (metabolic hormones), adrenalin (energy hormone), cortisol (stress hormone) and melatonin (sleep hormone) are affected.
Women in particular experience strong hormonal changes during menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth, premenopause and menopause. These can impair mental and physical well-being.
Hormonal changes are normal. Hormonal disorders, on the other hand, should be examined and treated. There are various symptoms that indicate hormonal disorders. The more symptoms there are, the higher the probability of a hormonal disorder.
Hormonal disturbances can influence the feeling of hunger in different ways. Stress, for example, increases cortisol production in the body, which in turn increases blood sugar levels. A sharp rise in blood sugar is followed by a sharp drop in blood sugar levels, which triggers a craving for sweets.
If the stress continues, the chronic stress can lead to the adrenal glands being exhausted and no longer being able to produce enough cortisol. If the cortisol level now drops, the blood sugar level is also low. This in turn causes fatigue and “hunger” signals in the body.
Reduced thyroid gland production can also lead to cravings. If too few thyroid hormones are produced in the thyroid gland, the blood sugar level drops and the craving for sugar increases.
Weight gain or weight loss
Constant weight fluctuations can be caused by hormonal changes.
The thyroid gland produces hormones that control the metabolism and thus regulate weight gain or loss. If the weight increases and in addition to chills, fatigue, dry skin and constipation, this can be a sign that the thyroid gland produces too few hormones needed for weight control.
A hormonal imbalance also causes a higher level of stress in the body. This in turn increases the release of adrenaline, leading to higher cortisol production to maintain energy levels. If the cortisol level is permanently increased, fat burning is disturbed and the accumulated fat is no longer optimally burned.
Various hormonal disorders can lead to sleep disorders. An increased progesterone level, for example, causes a sleepy feeling. If the progesterone level falls, we again feel awake and attentive.
Oestrogen, on the other hand, promotes deep sleep, muscle relaxation and helps regulate body temperature. A low oestrogen level, on the other hand, can cause us to sleep restlessly and sweat at night.
A constantly elevated cortisol level can also disturb REM sleep.
Constant fatigue and weakness
Fatigue is a common symptom of hormonal imbalance. Especially the combination of depression, a feeling of worthlessness and fatigue indicates a hormonal imbalance.
One reason for this is that cortisol is released immediately after the secretion of serotonin. Serotonin is a hormone that makes us happy. Cortisol is again a hormone that is produced in the adrenal glands during stress and normally causes a fight-or-curses reaction.
However, when stress persists, the adrenal glands begin to become exhausted, reducing cortisol production. This leads to fatigue, as the cells can no longer be provided with sufficient energy.
Constant fatigue can also be caused by a lack of thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones control the metabolism of the body.
Many men and women before menopause, during pregnancy and after pregnancy suffer from hair loss.
The reason for this is often the testosterone content. When testosterone is converted, dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is produced as a by-product, which attaches itself to special receptors in the hair follicles. DHT helps to form proteins that are important for hair growth.
In the case of a hormonal disorder, testosterone production can be accelerated, which also increases the DHT value in the body. This causes more and more DHT to accumulate on the receptors, which in turn leads to an imbalance in the hair follicles. This reduces the supply of nutrients to the hair follicles, causing the hair follicles to degenerate and hair loss.
Mood swings and depression
Serotonin and endorphin belong to the happiness hormones in the body. While endorphins are produced by the pituitary gland, serotonin is secreted by the thyroid gland.
An increased release of these hormones inhibits the perception of pain. If the production of these hormones decreases, this causes an unhappy feeling and reduced positivity.
If the production of these hormones is disturbed, mood swings often occur. This can cause miserable feelings and also lead to an over-excited mood.
Hot flushes and night sweats
The hypothalamus is part of the brain and controls several body functions including body temperature.
When hormonal imbalance disturbs the body’s estrogen levels, confusing signals are sent to the hypothalamus. This can cause the body to suspect overheating and activate coping mechanisms such as excessive sweating to cool the body.
A disturbed estrogen level can lead to hot flushes and night sweats. Hot flushes cause the body to feel warm from nowhere, which is accompanied by sweating, palpitations and tingling sensations.
Digestive disorders and gastrointestinal complaints
Gastrin, secretin and cholecystokinin are three hormones in the gastrointestinal tract that support digestion. They split the food and ensure rapid absorption into the bloodstream.
These hormones are often affected by a hormonal disorder. The consequences are often a disturbed intake of food and indigestion, such as flatulence, burning sensation in the stomach, belching and nausea.
Reduced oestrogen and progesterone production during menstruation and early menopause also often leads to digestive disorders, flatulence and abdominal pain.
In women, testosterone is produced in the ovaries and has a direct influence on the sex drive. If the performance of the ovaries decreases with age, this also affects testosterone production and can lead to a reduced libido.
Low testosterone levels in men can also reduce sex drive and lead to erectile dysfunction.
Reduced estrogen levels can in turn lead to poor circulation in a woman’s clitoris, vagina and labia. This leads to vaginal dryness and disrupts the genital nerve response and arousal.
There are several symptoms that show that hormonal processes in the body are disturbed. The more symptoms there are, the more likely it is that there is a hormonal imbalance.
A hormonal disorder should be examined and treated by a doctor. Depending on which hormones are imbalanced, certain foods can help to stimulate hormone production and bring hormones back into balance.